MIDTERM: November 8, 2022. The 2022 Primaries Dates For All 50 States are listed.
For all GMW (Grandmothers, Mothers, Women) in particular and America in general. No Sane Adult, can ever repeat the phrase again, “ My Vote Doesn’t Count.” The Voting in 2020 Election was pivotal in demonstrating the power of your vote. You must decide which Majority Party you want in Congress. What type of leaders agendas will they support: presidents, judges, governors, mayors, City Councils, police chiefs, or school board members. You decide with your vote, which will have a major impact on your life and community.
An educated voter is a powerful Voter. Well! America the 2022 MIDTERM are twice as PIVOTAL. Each of us (registered voters) gets to decide: What type of leadership we want. Dr Kurt Lewis, father of Social Psychology, identify three types of leaders: laissez-faire, authoritarian and democratic.
Laissez-faire leadership allows group members total freedom. Laissez-faire leaders do not participate in the decision-making process, and rarely offer opinions. This style can work well if the group is highly motivated and competent. However, laissez-faire leadership has many drawbacks. Without the leader’s input, the group can sink into conflict as members jockey over roles and responsibilities. In Lewin’s study, the children under laissez-faire leadership were the least productive and the most argumentative.
James Buchanan’s presidency offers a historical example of the weaknesses of laissez-faire leadership. As slavery threatened to tear America apart, the nation needed leadership from the White House. James Buchanan failed to offer it.
Authoritarian leadership means that the leader has full power. Authoritarian leaders tell groups what to do and expect group members to execute. This style may work well, allowing the leader to make a quick decision and providing the group with direct instructions. An authoritarian leader who presents a clear vision can motivate a divided group. However, authoritarian leaders are more likely to disregard the good ideas of others. The style can also inspire resentment and stress. In Lewin’s study, the children under authoritarian leadership were productive but not very creative.
President Lyndon Johnson provides an example of effective authoritarian leadership. In Congress, Johnson was known for his aggressive style and his remarkable ability to get legislation passed. When one senator quipped, “Rome wasn’t built in a day, another responded, “Lyndon Johnson wasn’t the foreman on that job.” As President, Johnson sought aimed to remake American society. His sweeping vision included civil rights, voting rights, and Medicare. To achieve his goals, Johnson would cajole, threaten, charm, and browbeatopponents into submission. Johnson’s sheer force of will drove his landmark bills through Congress.
The Kim family of North Korea is an extreme case of authoritarian leadership. In North Korea, senior advisers are terrified of Kim-Jong Un with good reason. Instead of honest advice, these men offer useless flattery instead. Unchecked, an authoritarian leader can prove disastrous.
Democratic leadership balances decision-making responsibility between the group and the leader. Democratic leaders actively participate in discussions, but also make sure to listen to the views of others. This style often leads to positive, inclusive, and collaborative work environments. Furthermore, a good democratic leader can bring out the group’s creativity. Under this style, the leader still retains final responsibility for the group’s decision. In Lewin’s study, the children under democratic leadership made the highest quality contributions.
General Dwight Eisenhower and Nelson Mandela are examples of successful democratic leaders. During WWII, Ike was appointed Supreme Allied Commander. While that title might seem to imply unlimited authority, he worked extremely hard to hold together a diverse coalition. He preferred discussing issues with his staff rather than simply barking orders. Never afraid to take blame, he once said, “leadership consists of nothing but taking responsibility for everything that goes wrong and giving your subordinates credit for everything that goes well.”
Mandela displayed a democratic leadership style as a leader of the African National Congress (ANC) he believed that people of all colors and political affiliations could contribute to the good of all. When he became president, Mandela could have sought revenge on his former oppressors. Instead, in an exceptional act of forgiveness and reconciliation, he included them in his government. His decision greatly accelerated the national healing process in South Africa.
AN EDUCATED VOTER IS POWERFUL!!!